Nov 13, 2013

A Brief Explanation of Aqeedah Al Wasitiyyah Part 6

By Amatullah Aminah

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5

Al Awwal. Al Akhir. Adh Daahir. Al Baatin

And His, the Sublime’s saying, “He is al-Awwal and al-Aaakhir and adh-Daahir and al-Baatin. And He has knowledge of everything”   [57:3]

This beautiful verse brings to revelation some very majestic attributes of Allah. The process of research of these attributes was an extremely humbling experience. You understand, from the very core of your soul, that truly Allah is the only one deserving to be worshipped and prostration comes upon you intrinsically. Your body (and soul) would voluntarily fall into prostration and in that very moment you will realize you have discovered the covenant your soul gave to Allah when it was created. [1]

This noble verse was explained by the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) in the hadeeth that is reported by Muslim, that he (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) said, “O Allaah, You are al-Awwal (the First), so there is nothing before you. And You are al-Aakhir (the Last), so there is nothing after you. And you are adh-Dhaahir (the Most High), so there is nothing above you. And you are al-Baatin (the Nearest), so there is nothing nearer than You.

The affirmation of these Noble Names from Allah, necessitates His encompassment of every single thing, in time, in place, in knowledge, in estimation (taqdeer) and in regulation (tadbeer). May He be exalted and sanctified in the loftiest manner. He is eternal, without beginning and before the existence of everything else (al-Awwal) and He will continue to exist after everything perishes (al Akhir). He is Most High and above everything in terms of time, space, power and knowledge (adh-Dhaahir) and He is nearer to us than our own selves (al-Baatin) which can be comprehended in various beautiful ways; closer in the sense to protect and provide solace, close enough to have knowledge of what our hearts conceal, close enough to listen to our pleas and respond to them.

Al Hakeem

[All] praise is [due] to Allah , to whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and to Him belongs [all] praise in the Hereafter. And He is the Wise (Al Hakim), the Acquainted (Al Khabeer).  [34:1]

Hakeem has two meanings: 1] One who judges between people/things/affairs in the most perfect and precise manner and 2] The One who is infinitely wise and has knowledge of things.

Both the words hakam and hakîm arise from the same haa-kaaf-meem root. Hakam is a verbal noun which emphasizes the delivery of justice, while hakîm is a noun which indicates the essential nature of the possessor of wisdom. In regard to the attributes and nature of Allah, Most High and Wise, Al Hakeem would hold the following connotations:

The One who is Most Knowing.

The One who possesses the quality of discrimination between right and wrong and who is free from error or misunderstanding.

The One who has perfect wisdom.

The One whose wisdom turns mankind back from wrongdoing.

The One who is qualified to judge the worth of all things.

Thus Allah being Al-Hakeem judges between the affairs of His creation in the most perfect manner as He is the Only One who possesses the knowledge of true nature of things. He perfectly executes and balances things due to His infinite wisdom and knowledge of past, present and future.

They said, "Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise (Al-Hakeem)."   [2:32]

Stay tuned for the next part of this article!


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