Apr 7, 2013

99 Names of Allah : 10 Al Hakeem

By Shamsiya Noorul Quloob

Introduction | Al-Illah | Al-Akram | Al-Ahad | Al-Witr | Al-Wahid | Al-Musawwir |Al-Wahab, Al-Jawwad, Al-Muhsin 


Before we begin lets renew our intentions to learn these names for the sake of Allah alone and to get closer to Him. I hope you have your pens and diaries ready! If you don’t know what I am talking about please read the Introduction. (Hadith about intentions)

Today we will be expounding on the meaning of “Al Hakeem”. Al Hakeem means ‘The All Wise”. The one to whom belongs the wisdom of the beginning, everything in between and of the end. He is the one to whom belongs the highest wisdom, the one who is All wise in His creating and commanding, and the one who perfected everything He created.

Al Hakeem comes from the root word “Hakama”. Linguistically speaking Al Hakama means to restrict someone or to deny something to someone, or control. He legislates rules that restrict people and confine them to certain protocols. “Hikmah” which is very similar to “Hakmah” means wisdom, it also means to place matters in their correct places. To place something out of its place is known as Zulm (injustice) and it is the opposite of wisdom.

Hakeem appears in the Qur’an 33 times. It usually appears in Qur’an coupled with two other names, Azeez and Aleem.

1. Azeezun hakeem
“Wallahu azeezun hakeem.” Which appears in Surah al-Baqarah 2: Verse 228.

This combination reminds us that not only is Allah the Most Wise (Al-Hakeem) but also the Most Powerful (Al-Azeez). Thus, He is not helpless in implementing His wisdom.

2. Aleemun hakeem “Fa-in zalaltum min baAAdi ma jaatkumualbayyinatu faAAlamoo anna Allaha AAazeezunhakeem” Which appears in Surah Al Baqarah 2 : Verse 209. 

This combination reminds us that Allah knows what we do and why we and He swt drives our attention to His might so that we can rectify ourselves before its too late. A similar verse of reprimand can be seen in Surah An Nisa 4 : Verse 26.

Allah Al – Hakeem created everything perfectly. Wisdom is to place something in its correct place. Therefore he has created nothing out of mere frivolity and he has legislated nothing that is vain and of no use. He is the one to whom belongs wisdom in the beginning and in the end. 

“Verily, We (i.e. Allah) have created all things with due measurements”
(Surah Al-Qamar 54 : 49) 

He has three areas of ruling which nothing else has a share in:
1. He rules between His servants with respect to His Law
2. His decree and
3. His recompense.

1. Allah’s Laws With Regards To His Servants
Many people think that shariah is a set of dos and don’ts, they make it mechanical but there is hikmah “wisdom” behind it. The laws are Allah’s mercy on us, it is for the benefit of the mankind and that’s what we mean when we say Allah is Al-Hakeem. He legislates rulings that are best for us. If we don’t understand Allah’s rulings, we don’t accuse the text, but we accuse our deficient understanding. We need to keep in mind that tje rulings of Allah swt suit the needs of a human being better. This is also the reason why any person is not allowed to contradict the teachings of Allah, for to Allah alone belongs wisdom. And who knows creation better than the Creator Himself? Therefore, ruling belongs to Allah swt alone and no one has the right to rule other than the shariah of Allah swt 

They have not besides Him any protector, and He shares not His legislation with anyone. 
(Surah Al Kahf 18:26) 

But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah Knows, while you know not.
(Surah Al Bakhara 2:216) 

But who is better than Allah in judgement for a people who are certain [in faith]. 
(Surah Al Maidah 5:50) 

2. Decree And Qadr (Legislation And Command) He is the one who has the knowledge of all the outward and hidden matters, the open and secret, all those things that must necessarily occur, all those things that are impossible to occur and all things that can possibly occur of the affairs of the whole of creation, of the past, the present and the future. There is absolutely nothing that is hidden from Him.

And He is Allah:there is no deity except Him. To Him is [due all] praise in the first [life] and the Hereafter. And His is the [final] decision, and to Him you will be returned. 
(Surah Qasas 28:70) 

Consider Your Human Body: The blood that runs through your veins and arteries contains a very accurate amount of salt, 0,78%. If this very accurate amount of salt decreases, blood corpuscles would shrink and cause immediate death. If it increases, the corpuscles would burst and also cause immediate death. Who has made the ratio of salt in the human blood fixed? It is Allah, the most bounteous, who makes the kidneys maintain such a fixed ratio of salt in the blood! Also, there are 2.5 billion types of tissues in the world. This means that only one human being in the whole world has a type of tissue similar to yours.

“He (Allah) has created everything and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements” 
(Surah Al-Furqan 25; 2) 

3. Recompense (Who Goes To Jannah And Who Goes To Hell) - Only Allah knows who is destined for heaven and who is destined for hell.

For those who do not believe in the Hereafter is the description of evil; and for Allah is the highest attribute. And He is Exalted in Might, the Wise. 
(Surah An Nafl 16:60) 

And it is Allah who is [the only] deity in the heaven, and on the earth [the only] deity. And He is the Wise, the Knowing. 
(Surah Az Zukhruf 43:84) 

Wisdom and Humans 
This Divine Name “Al-Hakeem” (The All Wise) is one of Allah’s Names that can be adopted by human beings, according to the saying that goes, “Adopt Allah’s Names and Attributes”. In other words, a true believer should be wise. And, as a true believer, he should derive his wisdom from his knowledge of Allah. Hikmah is a quality Allah gives to some of his beloved servants. And whoever Allah has given wisdom to, Allah has given him great deal of good. One might question why is wisdom important anyway? Because wisdom entails taking right decisions at the right times, which in turn will save us and those around us pain, uncertainty and much heartache.

He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding. 
(Surah Al Baqara 2:269) 

Let’s look at the following example: If you have a very complicated and sophisticated machine, and you have the operation instructions, it is wise to follow such instructions because they come from the manufacturer. This is very clear and easy. If you read and understand Allah’s book the Quran, prophetic Sunnah and tradition, and if you commit yourself to Allah and His messenger’s commands, then, you are a wise person.

Ibn Jareer (rahimahullah) defines Al-Hakeem as “that entity whose plans are solid, without fault and which none can interfere with.” 
[An-Nahj ul-Asma]

“Al-Hakeem is that entity who is most wise in all His sayings and doings in such a way that by His knowledge, wisdom and justice He puts everything in its proper place.” 
[Tafseer Ibn Katheer] 

References :
-- www.onislam.net
-- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SfHSkXjbguM
-- http://dailyhadith.adaptivesolutionsinc.com/hadith/Allah%E2%80%99s-Name:-Al-Hakeem.htm


Assalamu A'laikum, what about the remaining names after 10: Al-Hakeem?

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