Aug 5, 2013

Ramadan: Commonly Quoted Weak Ahadith

By Arty


Do you realize that Ramadan, yes, our favorite guest is arriving insha’Allah in less than 7 days?

Can you feel the excitement already? The Sahabas were so anxious for the next Ramadan that they used to make dua six months before Ramadan, asking Allah subhaana wa ta'aala to let them live long enough to see the next Ramadan.

Having said that, let’s make a dua, right here and now, that Allah subhaana wa ta'aala allows us to witness this upcoming Ramadan. May we be the best hosts to this beloved guest. Ameen!

To be a good host, however, takes preparation, and part of this preparation is getting accurate information about the guest we are hosting. With easy access to information via the internet, there are many ahadith circulating regarding Ramadan. A number of these, unfortunately, are weak yet are quoted very often. This article will point out some of the most popular ahadith that are either fabricated or very weak.

1. “The first part of the month of Ramadhan is mercy, the middle of it is forgiveness and the end of it is freedom from the Fire.”

Reported by Al-‘Uqaylee in Ad-Du’afaah (172), Ibn ‘Adee (1/165), Al-Khateeb in Al-Muwadih (2/77), Ad-Daylamee (1/1/10-11) and Ibn ‘Asaakir (8/506/1) from Abu Hurayrah.

Munkar (Wrong) due to the narrators Salaam Bin Sulaymaan Bin Siwaar who was weak, and Maslamah Bin As-Salt who was abandoned in hadith - Ad-Da’eefah No. 1569.

2. “He (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to love to break his fast with three dates or something which had not been touched by the fire.”

Narrated by Al-‘Uqaylee in Ad-Du’afaah (page 251), Abu Ya’lah in his Musnad (1/163) and the wording is his, and from him Ad-Diyah in Al-Mukhtaarah (1/49) from Anas.

Da’eef Jidn (Extremely weak) because of the narrator ‘Abdul-Waahid Bin Thaabit who was considered weak and by Bukhari as someone who had been accused (of lying) - Ad-Da’eefah No. 996.

3. “He who abandons fasting during a day of Ramadhan without a valid excuse, or illness – then even if he were to fast forever it would not make up for it.”

This hadith is also Da’if. (Fathu'l-Bari # 4/121)

4. “Whosoever breaks the fast of the fasting person (by giving him food) in Ramadan from lawful earnings, the Angels send prayers upon him during all of the nights of Ramadan and (the Angel) Jibreel shakes hands with him. And whomsoever Jibreel shakes hands with, his heart becomes tender and his tears become many.” A man said: ‘O’ Messenger of Allah, and if he (the person) doesn’t have that with him (to feed the person with)?’ He said: “(Then even) a handful of food.” He (the man) said: ‘What do you think about the one who doesn’t (even) have that with him?’ He said: “Then (even) half a piece of bread.” He (the man) said: ‘What do you think about if he doesn’t have that with him?’ He said: “Then (even) a sip of milk mixed with water.” He (the man) said: ‘What do you think about the one who doesn’t (even) have that with him?’ He said: “Then (even) a sip of water.”

Reported by Ibn ‘Adee in Al-Kaamil (Qaaf 2/69) from Salmaan Al-Faarisee.

Da’eef (weak) because of the narrators Ali Bin Zayd - and he is Ibn Jad’aan - who was weak due to his bad memory, and Hakeem Bin Khidhaam who was abandoned in Hadith and considered by Bukhari as someone who had been accused (of lying) - Ad-Da’eefah No. 1333.

5. “Whosoever fasts for a day which does not cause him hardship, ten good deeds will be written for him.”

Reported by Tabarani in Al-Awsat (No. 7653 with the numbering of Shaykh al-Albaanee) from Al-Baraa Bin ‘Aazib.

Da’eef (Weak) due to the narrator Abu Janaab Al-Kalbee Yahyah Bin Abi Hayyah who was weak and a Mudallis ( one who narrates from someone he met something he did not hear, nor should he report from the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) contrary to what reliable sources have reported from him) - Ad-Da’eefah No. 1327.

6. “If the servants knew how great Ramadan was, then they would wish that Ramadan lasted all year. Indeed, Paradise is decorated for Ramadan from the start of the year till the next year...”

This is a long hadith and only the most popular segment is quoted here. It is fabricated (mawdoo), the cause being Jareer ibn Ayyoob. lbn Hajr quotes his biography in Lisaanul-Meezaan (2/101) and says: “Famous for his weakness.” Then he quotes the saying of Aboo Nu’aim about him: “He used to fabricate ahadith,” from al-Bukhaaree: “Munkar in narrating ahadith,” and from an-Nasaaee: “Abandoned!”

Our guest only comes to visit once a year, so let’s make sure we welcome him properly. Before we share and quote ahadith, let’s first try to confirm if indeed these ahadith are sound. Our beloved Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam did ask us to convey his message even if it is just a sentence, but this does not mean that we attribute falsehood to him. We should be very cautious. I personally have made the mistake of sharing the ahadith about the three parts of Ramadan as being mercy, forgiveness, and escape from hellfire. I did not do my homework before sharing it but I now know not to repeat this mistake.

I pray this article is beneficial and encourages each one of us to do more due diligence when sharing ahadith with others. May Allah guide us onto the straight path and protect us from going astray.

Was there a weak ahadith listed in this article that was a total surprise to you? If yes, which one was it?


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