Sep 14, 2012

GHUSL - The Correct Method of Purifying Oneself

By Nur


Allah has obligated cleanliness in Islam; in fact Allah  loves those who purify themselves.

Allah says in the Qur’an:
“And they ask you about menstruation. Say, "It is harm, so keep away from wives during menstruation. And do not approach them until they are pure. And when they have purified themselves, then come to them from where Allah has ordained for you. Indeed, Allah loves those who are constantly repentant and loves those who purify themselves." (Surah Baqarah: 222)

When Allah legislates us to do something, it is incumbent upon us that we do it in the manner He has prescribed by following what is in the Qur’an and Sunnah, this is necessary for our deeds to be accepted.

Ghusl is mandatory to remove major impurities after menstruation, sexual discharge and post partum bleeding.

There are 2 ways of Ghusl that can be performed:
1. The acceptable form is a form of Ghusl, which is sufficient and will be counted as fulfilling the minimal requirements for Ghusl.
2. The complete form of Ghusl is the recommended way to do Ghusl, but it is not obligatory to do it this way.

Ghusl should be preformed as soon as possible after major impurities so that one is able to pray.

The acceptable form of Ghusl is:
1. Form the intention to purify oneself from impurity: janaabah (impurity following sexual discharge), menses or nifaas (postpartum bleeding).
2. Wash the entire body with water once, making sure that the water reaches the roots of the hair and the places that it cannot reach easily, such as the armpits and backs of the knees, as well as rinsing the mouth and nose, according to the correct scholarly opinion.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Sharh al-Mumti’ (1/423):
The evidence that this ghusl is valid is the words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning): “If you are in a state of Janaaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body)” [al-Maa’idah 5:6]. Allaah did not mention anything apart from that. If a person washes his entire body once, then it is true to say that he has purified himself.

The second method of Ghusl is the mustahab (recommended) way of doing Ghusl.
1. Form the intention in the heart to purify oneself from major impurity: janaabah (impurity following sexual discharge), menses or nifaas (postpartum bleeding).
2. Then say Bismillah and wash the hands three times, then wash any dirt from the private part.
3. Then do wudoo’ as for prayer, a complete wudoo’.
4. Then pour water over the head three times, and rub the hair so that the water reaches the roots of the hair.
5. Then wash the body, making sure that the water reaches all parts, starting with the right side of the body and then the left, and rubbing it with the hands so that the water reaches the entire body.

The evidence for this mustahabb form of ghusl is:
It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: When the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) did ghusl for janaabah, he would wash his hands and do wudoo’ as for prayer, then he would wash himself, then he would run his fingers through his hair, then when he thought that it [the water] had reached his skin, he would pour water over it [the head] three times, then he would wash the rest of his body. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (248) and Muslim (316).

We should all try our best to perform all our actions in accordance to the Qur’an and Sunnah for them to be accepted. We should especially take care of the way in which we purify ourselves, ensuring that we do it properly. It would be a shame to think that for all our lives, we thought we were doing Ghusl properly and later find out it was not acceptable, and that because of it our prayers were not accepted. It is truly beautiful that in Islam we are told everything we need to live our lives – all the way to the method in which we purify ourselves, surely this religion is complete.

I'd love to hear your views on this topic. Please post in the comments section below! :)


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